The "Policies for OER Uptake" or POERUP project  was funded by the European Union and supported by institutions in North America and Europe (

The project has provided a base for studying OER projects and policies to better understand what governments can do to expand the use of OER. POERUP to date has taken stock of over 300 projects and compiled over a dozen country reports. POERUP now has a significant basis for studying OER practices and policies from around the world. The project is currently in its closing stages and has been reporting back in various forums ( The project released a report in 2013 that synthesizes the findings from 120 OER projects from around the world (

The study found that OER could be categorised into open courses, open textbooks and digital assets. There is little conformity to a single format or style, with mobile apps being added to the formats that emerged from the early 2000s. Licensing (copyright) and pedagogy remain mixed and complex. Coming to the close of the project, a report outlining possible business models is expected shortly.

Particularly useful outputs from the project in its early stages already, was a registry of policies that include references to OER (, and coming soon, a map of OER projects (beta test site at: We hope that this useful project has a second life and goes on to better clarify OER and how OER can support access to education. For more information, see the websites listed above and also a recent slide presentation on the accomplishments of the POERUP initiative (

Submitted on 30 June 2014. First published on

POERUP: Supporting the expansion of Open Educational Resources